Vaccines are now being divided into two classes. ‘Core’ vaccines for dogs are those that should be given to every dog. ‘Noncore’ vaccines are recommended only for certain dogs. Whether to vaccinate with noncore vaccines depends upon a number of things including the age, breed, and health status of the dog, the potential exposure of the dog to an animal that has the disease, the type of vaccine and how common the disease is in the geographical area where the dog lives or may visit.
The American Animal Hospital Association 2017 Vaccination Guidelines has recommended that the core vaccines for dogs: distemper, canine adenovirus, canine parvovirus, and rabies be given every 3 years after the first yearly booster.
The Noncore vaccines; leptospirosis, coronavirus, canine parainfluenza and Bordetella bronchiseptica (both are causes of ‘kennel cough’), and Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme Disease) should be given yearly based on the lifestyle of your dog. We will be happy to consult with you help you select the proper vaccines for your dog or puppy.
Our Canine Vaccine Protocol:
· 8 weeks: DA2P + Intranasal Bordetella, Parainfuenza, Canine Adenovirus Type 2
· 12 weeks: DA2PP + Leptospirosis
· 16 weeks: DA2PP + Leptospirosis + Rabies
Experts generally agree on what vaccines are ‘core’ vaccines for cats, i.e., what vaccines should be given to every cat, and what vaccines are given only to certain cats (noncore). Whether to vaccinate with noncore vaccines depends upon a number of things including the age, breed, and health status of the cat, the potential exposure of the cat to an animal that has the disease, the type of vaccine and how common the disease is in the geographical area where the cat lives or may visit.
In cats, the suggested core vaccines are feline panleukopenia (distemper), feline viral rhinotracheitis, feline calicivirus, and rabies.
The American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) vaccine advisory panel recommends vaccinating against feline panleukopenia (distemper), feline viral rhinotracheitis, and feline calicivirus every three years. But they also suggest that cats at a high risk of exposure to these diseases may benefit from more frequent vaccinations. Since vaccinating every three years does may not agree with all manufacturers’ directions of vaccinating annually, when to vaccinate, and with what, must be a personal (and informed) choice for each cat owner. We will be happy to consult with you to determine what is best for your cat.
The noncore vaccines include feline leukemia (FeLV), feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), Bordetella, and Chlamydophila. The AAFP recommends AGAINST FeLV vaccinations in adult totally indoor cats who have no exposure to other cats. It is suggested that all kittens, because they are most susceptible and their lifestyles may change, should receive an initial FeLV vaccination series. FIP and Giardia vaccinations are not recommended. The choice to use a Chlamydophila vaccine is based upon the prevalence of the disease and husbandry conditions, however, we do not recommend vaccinating for Chlamydophila at our clinic.
Modified live virus (MLV) vaccines are advised for cats over killed vaccines. When comparing the cost of vaccinations between other veterinary clinics it is important to ask what vaccines are being given to your cat. The modified live virus vaccines for Rabies and Feline Leukemia are more costly but safer for your cat. We only use modified live vaccines for our feline patients and as a result, our vaccination costs may be more expensive than other veterinary clinics.
Our Feline Vaccine Protocol:
· 8 weeks: FVRCP
· 12 weeks: FVRCP + Leukemia
· 16 weeks: FVRCP + Leukemia + Rabies
FOR MORE DETAILED INFORMATION ABOUT VACCINES AND VACCINATION GUIDELINES CLICK HERE.